Self-Efficacy In Online Learning Environments: A Literature Review

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Emtinan Alqurashi


Self-Efficacy, Computer Self-Efficacy, Internet Self-Efficacy, LMS Self-Efficacy


The purpose of this paper was to examine the relationship between self-efficacy and online learning environments. Self-efficacy refers to “beliefs in one’s capabilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to produce given attainments” (Bandura, 1997, p. 3). This paper reviews studies on self-efficacy in online learning environments from 1997 to 2015. Three main categories were discussed: computer self-efficacy, Internet and information-seeking self-efficacy and LMS (Learning Management Systems) self-efficacy. Possible areas of research on self-efficacy in online learning environments were suggested. 


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