What Benford Can Tell Us About Cover Pools – An Empirical Analysis

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Stephan Kienle


Benford’s Law, Pfandbriefe, Mean Absolute Deviation


Leading digits often follow a distribution described by Newcomb (1881) and Benford (1938). We apply this phenomenon known as Benford’s Law on cover assets provided by issuers of German covered bonds. The main finding of the empirical analysis is that leading digits of these assets seem to follow the Benford distribution. Standard statistical evidence, however, might be misleading due to effects of large data sets. Consequently, the present paper also provides an example of how to deal with large data sets when a Benford distribution is assumed. 


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