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Bank Loan, Corporate Bond, Private Debt, Public Debt, Firm Value, MTB, Tobin’s Q
This study aims to verify the effects of different methods of debt financing on firm value. The most common methods used by firms to finance its operations are directly issuing corporate bonds in the capital market and borrowing through financial institutions such as banks. From the accounting perspective, there is no difference between corporate bonds and bank loans. However, from the economic perspective, corporate bonds and bank loans are different in terms of their characteristics. This study conducts with the assumption that the attributes of the type of debt selected determine its impact on firm value. The results indicate that firms that use corporate bonds more frequently than bank loans have a higher value.