Journal of Applied Business Research (JABR) https://clutejournals.com/index.php/JABR <p><strong>Published since 1985</strong><br>ISSN 0892-7626 (print), ISSN 2157-8834 (online)<br>The Journal of Applied Business Research (JABR) welcomes articles in all areas of applied business and economics research.</p> Clute Institute en-US Journal of Applied Business Research (JABR) 0892-7626 A Field Study: The Business Of Engaging Higher Education Adjunct Faculty https://clutejournals.com/index.php/JABR/article/view/10341 <p>Competition among higher educational institutions has increased especially among public and private institutions; this is exacerbated by demographic changes whereby the number of high school graduates continues to decrease. Additionally, colleges and universities face daunting competition challenges retaining students; therefore, they are reexamining their long-established business models. As a result, to offset costs, higher education institutions continue to increase the hiring of adjunct faculty. Currently, adjunct instructors account for more than half of all faculty appointments and that number is expected to increase. To amplify the situation, college and university accreditation organizations are requiring student retention and faculty work engagement as part of the effectiveness and accreditation process. Customarily, compared to full-time faculty, adjunct faculty are less engaged with their work as effective coaches and mentors for students outside the classroom. Thus, a quantitative study using the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale questionnaire sought adjunct faculty feedback in terms of engagement with their work for academic and student success and how the results could be used to increase this engagement.</p> Tom Henkel Gordon Haley Copyright (c) 2020-03-01 2020-03-01 36 2 51 58 10.19030/jabr.v36i2.10341 Kissing Frogs: The Challenges Of Becoming A Successful Entrepreneur https://clutejournals.com/index.php/JABR/article/view/10342 <p>“Kissing Frogs: The challenges of becoming a successful entrepreneur” explores the difficulties of creating, sustaining and succeeding as a business owner. This research is supplemented with data from a national survey to entrepreneurs (355) through QualtricsTM, a global research organization. The respondents represented 42 states from a diverse group of self-identified entrepreneurs from a variety of industries.<br>To summarize, the paper will analyze the following topics in detail:<br>1) The importance of the mission and vision for the organization<br>2) The motivation for starting the business<br>3) The inspiration for the business idea<br>4) The importance of perseverance</p> George Dierberger Marc Isaacson Cory Erickson Thomas P. Dierberger Copyright (c) 2020-03-01 2020-03-01 36 2 59 76 10.19030/jabr.v36i2.10342 Sensitivity Of Socially Responsible Investment Behaviour To Experience And Size Of Funds https://clutejournals.com/index.php/JABR/article/view/10343 <p>This paper examines the moderating effect of experience and size of fund towards socially responsible investment (SRI).A survey was conducted to get the responses of fund managers, and data were analysed using a multi-group approach of Structural Equation Modelling (SEM).At intentional level, there was a significant moderating effect on the relationship between attitudes and caring ethical climate towards an intention to SRI among less experienced fund managers. There was a significant moderating effect on the relationship between subjective norms and perceived behavioural control towards an intention to SRI among more experienced fund managers. There was also a significant moderating effect on the relationship between subjective norms and caring ethical climate towards an intention to SRI among small-sized fund managers. At behavioural level, there was a significant moderating effect on the relationship between moral intensity and SRI behaviour among less experienced fund managers. There was also a significant moderating effect on the relationship between moral intensity and caring ethical climate on SRI behaviour among bigger-sized fund managers. This paper conduits the literature gap by expanding the understanding on the moderating impact of experience and size of fund towards SRI, provides insights to policy makers in carrying out appropriate talent development strategies in accumulating the support of fund managers towards SRI-related initiatives in the capital market, and reveals the potential contribution of fund manager talent management in sustainable development through SRI. The paper offers vision on fund manager talent management to forefront the progress of SRI in emerging economies.</p> Mohammad Talha Abdullah Sallehhuddin Abdullah Salim Abdul Aziz Abdul Jalil Norzarina Md Yatim Copyright (c) 2020-03-01 2020-03-01 36 2 77 90 10.19030/jabr.v36i2.10343 Do Trading Derivatives Classification Affect Bank Holding Company’s Earnings Volatility And Firm Value? https://clutejournals.com/index.php/JABR/article/view/10344 <p>This study examines the differential impact of bank holding companies (BHCs) that consistently report trading gains (successful speculators) and those that consistently report no gain or trading losses (unsuccessful speculators) on earnings volatility and firm value. Under Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 815 (previously SFAS 133- Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities), all gains/losses related to trading derivatives are recognized in current earnings; whereas, gains/losses on hedging derivatives are netted with changes in the fair value of the underlying asset/liability with only the ineffective portion of the hedge being reported in current earnings. Given differential accounting recognition and underlying risk factors, we expect and find that current period trading gains/losses lead to greater earnings volatility; however, the relationship becomes insignificant when BHCs consistently report trading gains (successful speculators) or no gains and trading losses (unsuccessful speculation). Further we find that successful speculation is significantly negatively associated with firm value, which implies that market participants perceive trading positions held by BHCs as high-risk investments regardless of the outcome of the trading exposure. The findings of this study should be useful to business professionals, bank regulators, and accounting standard setters in determining the economic impact of current accounting standards on bank performance, investors in evaluating the costs and benefits of bank’s derivative risk management policies, and accounting academics in evaluating the impact of current accounting regulation on bank derivative use.</p> Carolyn M. Callahan Stephanie Hairston Copyright (c) 2020-03-01 2020-03-01 36 2 91 106 10.19030/jabr.v36i2.10344