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10-K, Altman’s Score, Annual Report, Bankruptcy Risk, Readability
This study investigates the relationship between a firm’s annual report readability and its probability of bankruptcy. Findings show that firms with a larger 10-K file size have a higher probability of bankruptcy. More specifically, we suggest that there is a curvilinear relationship between annual report readability and bankruptcy probability. However, this relation is not significant for small firms. We further suggest that annual report readability has incremental power in predicting corporate bankruptcy. While prior accounting and finance research mainly used financial and accounting ratios as predictive variables of firm bankruptcy, we add a new non-financial predictive variable to these models.