Procedural And Distributive Justice As Mediators Of The Relationship Between Interactional Justice And Work Outcomes: An Empirical Study Of The UAE Public Health Care Sector

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Thamna S. Al Afari
Hossam M. Abu Elanain


Organizational Justice, Interactional Justice, Procedural Justice, Distributive Justice, Organizational Citizenship Behaviors, Turnover Intention, Healthcare Sector, United Arab Emirates


This study examined the direct and indirect effects of different dimensions of organizational justice on organizational citizenship behaviors, and turnover intention in the context of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) healthcare sector. A questionnaire was administered to a random sample of 448 employees working in three different public hospitals in the UAE. The study used descriptive statistics, factor analysis, correlation analysis, and regression analysis to analyze the data. The results revealed that perceptions of the three organizational justice dimensions (interactional justice, procedural justice, and distributive justice) have a direct influence on employees' organizational citizenship behaviors and turnover intention. In addition, the results showed that interactional justice has an indirect effect on both organizational citizenship behaviors and turnover intention through procedural and distributive justice. This study is one of the first empirical studies of its kind to demonstrate the role of procedural and distributive justice as mediators between interactional justice and employees' work attitudes and behaviors. In conclusion, the results of this study indicate that each of the dimensions of organizational justice, which affect employee attitudes and behavior in the healthcare sector, gives us a better understanding of organizational justice and its dimensions and its influence.


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