Inter-Observer Risk-Tolerance Agreement Between Husbands And Wives

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Joseph W. Goetz
John Gilliam
John E. Grable

Keywords

Risk Tolerance, Gender, Marital Status, Kappa Test

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to test the extent to which variability in husbands’ and wives’ self-assessed financial risk can be attributed to variation in risk tolerance or observer bias resulting from measurement error. Using a sample of 188 well-educated married couples, scores from the Survey of Consumer Finances single risk-assessment item were used to evaluate the following null hypothesis: Husbands and wives do not agree on their level of financial risk tolerance. The hypothesis was tested using a percentage agreement test, a Kappa coefficient test, and a chi-square analysis. Findings led to a rejection of the null hypothesis. That is, couples exhibited general agreement in their assessment of financial risk tolerance, although the level of agreement was rather modest.

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