Attitude Toward Democracy In Pakistan: Secondary School Teachers Perceptions

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Muhammad Sarwar
Muhammad Imran Yousuf
Shafqat Hussain



The study aimed at exploring the public sector secondary school teachers’ perceptions for development of democratic values and strategies to improve the democratic system and attitudes toward democracy. Sixty secondary school teachers were selected as a sample. The qualitative data in the form of interview responses were collected to explore teachers’ perceptions about democracy, problems in the smooth running of democracy and remedies to these problems. Five-point Likert-type attitude toward democracy scale (ATDS) was developped to assess the attitude of secondary school teachers toward democracy. The data were analysed by applying one sample t-test.  The study provide discussion at concusions drawn about democratic values and attitude of teachers toward democracy.


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