Water Issues That Affect Affordability And Safety In A Community: The Camden Ohio Experience

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Donald A. Forrer
Michael Zimmerman
Annalise Mannix


Affordable Water Rates, Village of Camden, Ohio, Salt Intrusion, Watershed Protection


This study describes the trials and tribulations of an Ohio township involved in maintaining utility rates at an affordable level while dealing with salt intrusion in drinking water wells that supply the Village. Emphasis is on the political, regulatory, and financial issues faced by management. This research deals exclusively with utility rate and water supply issues within the Village of Camden in Ohio when salt is discovered in the fresh water system. The analysis also discusses affordability as village officials decide whether to improve the existing well field, develop a new well field, or purchase water from an alternative supply.


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