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South Africa, Stock Market Development, Banks, ARDL-Bounds Testing Approach
In this study, we examine the relationship between banks and stock market development in South Africa. The study attempts to answer one critical question: Are banks and stock markets positively related in South Africa? The bank development is proxied by the ratio of the domestic credit to the private sector to GDP (DCP/GDP), while the stock market development is proxied by the ratio of the stock market capitalisation to GDP (CAP/GDP).Unlike the majority of the previous studies, the current study uses the newly introduced ARDL-Bounds testing approach, as proposed by Pesaran et al. (2001), to examine this linkage. The empirical results show that there is a distinct positive relationship between banks and stock markets in South Africa. The results apply irrespective of whether the model is estimated in the short run or in the long run. Other results show that in the short run, the stock market development in South Africa is positively determined by the level of savings, but negatively affected by the rate of inflation and the lagged values of the stock market development. However, in the long run, the stock market is positively determined by real income and the inflation rate.